Category Archives: Divination

What methods of divination are suitable for African spirituality? | Vodun F.A.Q.

We're moving!

Orisha Online Altar is moving to a new domain, Orisha.me

Please update your bookmarks and links. This site will be up until April or May of 2023 to give everyone who is linking to us time.

Crystal Ball Scrying Though Orunmila or a similar deity is in charge of all divination methods, the traditional African methods are the only ones that can offer traditional African information.

What that means is that Ifa, Afa, and other forms of authentic, indigenous African methods of divination are the only way that today one can find their head or their destiny accurately within African traditions. No ifs, ands, buts, or maybes.

Even a seed or a stalk of grass in the hands of one observant to Orunmila can tell volumes, but it is still not Ifa. Tarot is useful for helping one to navigate life, especially in social situations. The bones and curios are excellent for telling you what’s going on around you in a very blunt way. The Obi of course, are a direct line to your ancestors, and best for yes or no or even very nuanced but straight answers. However, none of these does what Ifa does.

In the past, some other methods such as dice, dominos, and other numerically based systems that are not native to Africa could be used if someone was completely cut off. However today, in the age of the internet, when a qualified babalawo or other traditional diviner is available in a click, this is no longer the case.

Because of the diaspora allowances from the past, some are confused and may fall for shady people telling them that some other method would be able to stand in the place of Ifa or Afa. The problem is that unless it is numerically based and resorted to because maybe the trained Babalawo is in prison and has no access even to any dried seeds, it is not going to direct one to any Odu or any verse or any indigenous African culture’s lexicon of legends or wisdom.

This is why, even in the diaspora, even someone like me who has invented a new divination method, will still refer people to a Babalawo. I can tell you many things, but I can’t tell you who your head Orisha is for certain in an indigenous pantheon. I can’t tell you what traditional ebbo you need to do. I can’t tell you your traditional African anything because I am not an initiated, qualified Babalawo or Iyanifa or indigenous African diviner. I know to stay in my lane.

This does not mean that we do not study the Odu that we have access to. Most diviners with some experience will study Odu Ifa, the lineage tales some are willing to share, proverbs, patakis, and anything else we can to learn African and diaspora wisdom. It is important both in terms of perspective and since Africa is a huge continent, cultural exchange and learning what we can from our ancestral neighbors. However, Ifa and Afa are not just older than most available methods of divination, but older and living, and dynamic. Though other methods of divination are useful in some ways, there is no comparison. There just simply isn’t.

It isn’t the oldest known method, but other older methods such as scrying and osteomancy are not connected to the Odus or any known current culture’s verses. So great for some things but not for ebbo. Just skip the running to and fro looking for traditional answers in non traditional places.

Does everyone need a traditional reading?

If one was born in a culture where there are available Ifa or Afa diviners, then definitely. If not then probably. It depends whether you are okay with bumbling through or you want to have some idea what may be coming and direction.

Be prepared to pay the diviner a decent donation, and to do the recommended ebbo for your personal Odu. If you can’t afford it at the moment, it is one of those things worth putting aside for.

Supplemental Video

Please watch Obafemi’s video Tarot Is Not Ifa and thank him for his wisdom. I was not even aware before this that such confusion existed.

Blessings and Ashé!

New Videos: How to Read the Bones

We're moving!

Orisha Online Altar is moving to a new domain, Orisha.me

Please update your bookmarks and links. This site will be up until April or May of 2023 to give everyone who is linking to us time.

I’ve posted some new videos on YouTube about how to read the bones. 

 

Reading Bones

We're moving!

Orisha Online Altar is moving to a new domain, Orisha.me

Please update your bookmarks and links. This site will be up until April or May of 2023 to give everyone who is linking to us time.

Reading Bones an Introduction to Osteomancy by SheloyaTo provide a bit of background for my Hoodoo Bones system, and to show the way to the next step for those who’ve bought or made their own set, I’ve decided to write a bit on reading actual bones.  There are many traditions from many cultures, but they all work well provided the reader is in tune with Eshu and Ifa or whatever the name is that they call them in their own culture.  By the way, the official terms for divination by casting bones are osteomancy and ossomancy.

In Yoruba and close cultures, they have diloggun, which is the reading of the cowrie shells, and other sorts of readings according to the Ifa system.  This is a very old and accurate system, and I encourage all prospective bone readers to at least learn the basic principles of it or amathambo, the southern African method of bone reading.  Then you’ll have a context for other diaspora or Hoodoo methods such as dice and domino divination as well as others.

Because I am of mixed African and Catawba ancestry, and I live in Israel, the Hoodoo way works best for me.  I live in an ethnically diverse area in the mountains of Elijah and near the sea, so I cannot ignore things in order to stay traditionally African.  You may get the most out of methods closer to your ancestry, but mind that you may also get more out of whatever your adopted heritage is.  It is not at all about race as in color, but about the combination of your genetic heritage and literally the earth from the environment that permeates your blood and flesh.  Especially if you eat naturally and usually locally, your body has joined with the ground you are standing on.  When you are working with natural forces, it is best to be natural, not overly traditional.

You may have a religion, but the Earth does not.  One must adapt to their environment in order to thrive and survive.  One must also not refuse connection with the local flavors of spirituality or the people around them who they serve.  If you put a barrier between yourself and the people you are reading for based on your own personal racist or elitist sentiments, you of course will not be able to give them accurate readings.

If you are learning to read bones, and would like to discuss it in a more private area than the site comments, go to Witch University.  It’s free, and you can learn a lot.

Selecting Your Bones

In the general Hoodoo method (traditions vary, mind you), the first time that you dedicate a set of bones, they should be the full or partial skeleton of an animal properly sacrificed to the Orisha of your head, or from your spirit animal who has died of natural causes or legitimate hunting.  By legitimate hunting, I mean someone went out to the woods, hunted it, and killed it, or it came to a human populated area and had to be put down.

You should avoid killing an animal that may belong to someone, including those who have new pups.  Also, be mindful of your local hunting laws.  If your animal is a feline or canine, you do not need to do the killing, and this is not recommended because even if they are stray, someone likely cares for them.  Simply wait until you encounter one who has died on the road.  If it is a chicken, go to a farm where these are raised and select your bird according to the offering/sacrifice rules of your Orisha, and have a priest of Ogun, a Jew trained in kosher methods, or a Muslim trained in halal methods do the deed.  Remember, we are all children of Yemaya regardless of our politics.

Cleaning and Consecrating the Bones

The best way to do the initial cleaning is to let nature do the job.  Bury them or leave them out in a place you know they won’t be carried off.  After six months or so, for sanitary purposes, you may want to bathe them in 35% or higher hydrogen peroxide.

After they are cleaned, they should be consecrated.  This varies by tradition, but as a general rule, Eshu, the ancestors, and Ifa should be called upon.  Then they should be passed through sacred water, sacred fire, sacred earth, and sacred air.  Then do the first reading to learn the animal’s name or what kind of name they would like to be called.

Reading and Rounding Out Your Set

The skeleton is your base set.  Each type of bone has its own meaning, and this varies by tradition.  However, generally, head bones belong to Orunmila, and the head is the container of the Ori.  So depending on the context, skulls or parts of skulls could refer to the Supreme God or to the state of the person’s soul.  Vertebrae belong to Eshu.  Just as the spine carries messages from the nerves to the brain and back, Eshu is the gatekeeper between the physical and spirit realms.  Humeri belong to Yemaya.  Phalanges and claws belong to Ogun.  Teeth represent specifically divine movement through a particular Orisha.   Canine teeth and upper beaks represent war or conflict.  Pelvic bones belong to Oshun and/or Yemaya.  The The baculum belongs of course to Shango.  Horn tips belong to Oya.  You get the point.

If your animal is a snake, you may have to go by where the ribs and vertebrae correspond to placement of various organs on the snake’s body.

In any case, when you throw the bones, you are looking to see how well your base set conforms to the actual skeletal anatomy of your animal.  The closer they are to it, the more okay things are.  It’s a “no news is good news” thing.  If they are more disarranged, this means there is an actual message that may be good or bad.

To help you to read more accurately, or for confirmation of what it is your base set is trying to say, or to boost their energy, you may want to add other objects, shells, or bones from other animals.  A rattlesnake’s rattle, for instance, can tell you whether or not there is a warning of danger.  An Oya’s mirror can tell you whether the reading is about the past and present or the future.  A piece of Obsidian (which belongs to Aganju) may tell of what lies ahead during travel or a journey.  Add whatever objects you and your guardian spirits deem necessary.

Caring For Your Bones

Your bones should be kept in a safe place, and not handled by people you don’t trust.  You should keep one of them with you as often as possible.  If you tend to lose things, keep it in the “you” section of your altar, but touch it often.

Aside of consecrating the bones themselves weekly, you should cleanse and purify your hands before touching them.  Never ever touch them with dirty hands.  Don’t leave them laying around in the bathroom or something unless you have to take them with you to protect them from someone you don’t trust.

Burying Your Bones

At some point, the bit of personal energy of the animal that is left in your base set or other bones you have added may tell you that it is time to let them rest.  At that point, you should give them a nice funeral.  Seriously, if you have made a lot of money from them, or gained some status from them, the expense and grandeur of the funeral should match this.  They should have a stone marker of their burial with their name on it.

Frequently Asked Questions Concerning Divination Bones

Can I buy a set of bones or do I have to acquire and treat all bones and artifacts myself?

Technically, you can buy a ready made set of bones, but it just won’t be the same.  Some fur traders and scientific supply stores have full skeletons, and if you ask for a specific type, they will get it for you.  The problem is that you wouldn’t know what kind of life the animal had or whether or not it was properly killed.

So if you’re going to buy, it is best to buy the whole animal and then you can say what is and is not to be done with the bones.  If your animal is a cow, then if you buy the cow, you get to say which bones or parts of the bones you want reserved, without an argument or uncertainty.

If your animal is more exotic, like a wolf or a bear, then you may have no choice but to buy from hunters or specimen supply stores.  In such a case, you will need to apologize to the animal spirits for anything wrong that was done to them by a human, and give them offerings.

My animal is very exotic, endangered, or extinct.  Can I use replica bones?

Yes you can, but they should be well crafted.  They should be made of a resin or polymer clay that contains some earth from the animal’s native land, or wood from an old tree or bush from there.  The head “bones” should come from near the roots.  The vertebrae should be from the trunk.  The limbs should be from the branches.  Take care when harvesting wood from a live tree.  You may kill it or make it vulnerable to disease.  I would use wood from a tree that has already fallen or has been freshly cut down for a good reason, such as to make way for younger trees to grow.

Can I use human bones?

Not without explicit permission from the person.  Animals in the wild and on farms are used to being prey or life and death competition.  You may at some point actually encounter the bones of an animal who resents having them used after their death, but those who’ve walked this path a ways have also encountered animals who didn’t want their bones thrown in the garbage.  Some have felt, while eating an animal, that one in particular, especially roosters or “alpha” members of their herd or group wanted some amulet made from their bones.

Humans usually definitely don’t want their bones harvested, but then some do.  Some people donate their organs so that others can survive physically, and some people may well donate a part of themselves to help others survive emotionally and thrive spiritually.

Another thing to take into account is that humans are your own species.  There is such a thing as being way too in touch with your mortality.

Some well regarded priests and nuns of eastern faiths do donate their skulls or other bones to use as spiritual tools.  Usually this is done so that their body becomes a statue to the deity of their head.  They are giving all, including their body, to their deity.  One should consider that when this is done, the area they are housed in becomes a sacred shrine.  You may have heard stories about how some westerner unwittingly bought a Tibetan or Indian priest or priestess’s skull and now will not let anyone touch it, underwent a personality change, etc.

Humans and possibly other intelligent animals can consciously direct their energy, so any human (or dolphin or whale, or…) artifacts should be handled with the utmost care.  It is not something you should do to be cool or out-goth your friends or something.

If your path is that of a warrior who is in actual wars, this is a good reason to accept a human bone that comes to you.  In this case and ONLY in this case are you to accept a part of your actual enemy that has become dislodged during the battle.  Taking trophies on purpose is illegal though.

If you are afraid that some bones may go into the wrong hands and be disrespected, you may acquire or purchase them to bury or enshrine.  Ask the spirit what you should do with them.  Even though some may have asked to have their bones preserved and repurposed before their deaths, they may be ready to rest now.  Respect that.

Misinformation and Mudslinging

Update November 6, 2014: Since I wrote this article, many more bone readers seem to have come out of the woodwork.  Some are coming from older traditions, and some are using my innovation, Sheloya’s Hoodoo Bones, while others have made or discovered their own ways.

Of course, some were quick to start calling everybody frauds, without actually looking into each reader to see if their methods were sound.  Even though I was one of the main writers responsible for reviving this style of divination on the internet, I think this is very bad form.

You see, even though I helped to bring it to the attention of more diviners and rootworkers, I certainly didn’t invent osteomancy, nor do I or have I ever claimed that my way is the only way there is.  African and diaspora spirituality covers a very wide range, and we live in many different climates and environments, and come in many different mixtures.  So there is no one way that is the only way for everyone.

I can’t tell you who is real and who isn’t specifically, because I don’t spend a lot of time looking for others to berate or belittle.  I can tell you though, that it doesn’t matter how they came into the knowledge, as long as they have it.  I don’t care if they got it from reading my articles, someone else’s, a book, a video, or a friend or mentor.  It is truly irrelevant, so long as it’s spiritually and metaphysically sound.

My only real worries when it comes to this is whether or not the diviner knows their method well, is a good spiritual counselor overall, and most importantly, if they respect the Spirits/forces of Nature they are working with.  A lesser, but still important concern, is with the trending aspect.

The bones require someone who is very aligned with Nature, and this is whether we’re talking about literal bones or tiles/runes.  One has to be able to visualize in more than two dimensions, consider multiple possible time streams, and differing perspectives, all at once.  It requires a certain level of maturity, experience, and consciousness that one is helping people to get through real life issues.  One can neither afford modernist over-idealism, nor postmodernist cynicism.

I suppose this may be one reason why some traditional adherents and conjurers may panic when looking around and seeing a proliferation of bone readers.  Moreso than the tarot or other more straightforward methods using the Odu Ifa, Bible verses, etc. one has to be more than a reader.  One must be a seer.

Seeing what has become of the Nordic Runes, I share some of their concerns.  I will stop short of calling someone who is sincere and has the technique a fraud, but I will express concern with any traditional or culture/ethnicity heavy method being taken too far away from its origins.  In order to truly understand the Nordic Runes, it definitely does help to have some Nordic ancestry, as well as Nordic traditions passed to one through heritage.

Crossover and overlapping is fine, but stripping of the culture from the method is not fine at all.  This has happened in far too many cases, where people apply whatever meaning they like to a rune, despite its actual meaning, and don’t understand that they’re also magickal, not just symbols.

So it is my hope that as bone reading becomes more popular, those who stay with it take the time to speak to the elders and traditional practitioners of established, living faiths with unbroken or less broken lines.  One may be good enough at reading to give a reading, but one needs to be good enough at life to give a good reading.

Bone Reading of the Day for March 25, 2011

We're moving!

Orisha Online Altar is moving to a new domain, Orisha.me

Please update your bookmarks and links. This site will be up until April or May of 2023 to give everyone who is linking to us time.

Bones of the day March 25, 2022Today’s reading is fairly straightforward.  Oya’s mirror is up, so we’re talking about the future.  Eshu’s protection face is up and he is touching the Sankofa symbol, and Death is facing both, which means that someone will be protected from death because of something they learned in their past.

The sun is at the center, and note that Oba, Oshun, and Oya are triangulated with Oya in the water level of the water quadrant.  This represents a balanced individual who is in tune with the Orishas or at least Nature.

The war horn and Osu are in the fire area, which means this person will have to fight their hormonal whims in order to get the good thing they’re going to get from Eshu.  It is a very hopeful reading though.  Whoever this is out there reading this, if it’s you, then you’re on the right track.

African Wisdom: The correct kind of love a woman should have for her man is admiration, respect, and certainty that he will be a good father to her children. All else is lust that will fade in a short time.

Bone Reading of the Day: March 12, 2011

We're moving!

Orisha Online Altar is moving to a new domain, Orisha.me

Please update your bookmarks and links. This site will be up until April or May of 2023 to give everyone who is linking to us time.

Click here to read previous Bone Readings of the Day.

Learn how to read Sheloya’s Hoodoo Bones.

Buy a set of bones.

Bones of the Day for March 12, 2011Where the last reading was a more general message to the world, this one is more personal.  If you are the person this reading is about, please contact me for further assistance for free.

This reading says that there is a battle between mother and daughter that will soon come to a head.  There are many issues involved, but they mostly revolve around spirituality and fertility.  They are both basically Christian, but the daughter seems to have some issues about the church.  One of the issues is jealousy from other women in the church.

The mother is very strong and very wise, but does not quite understand what the daughter is going through.  The daughter is extremely beautiful, to the point that some men don’t know how to deal with her, especially her father who sees his little princess blossoming.  He wants to protect her from bad men and bad decisions, but isn’t sure what to do.  He is caught in the middle of powerful forces: the mother’s worry and fears, the daughter’s growing independence and estrangement from the church, and the outside forces that threaten to harm his child and his wife’s soul.

How ever socially inconvenient it may be, this is the time when the father’s counsel and strength is needed the most.  He is the only thing on this earth protecting his daughter’s tail from disaster, and he needs to not be afraid to put his foot down.  He should be aware of the dark side of femininity, and that women often say and do things that they regret later when they are angry or pushed by outside forces.

Women are very socially dependent, so the father and mother may have to suck it up and get the daughter to a church that is more friendly to her…like one with more young people.  The danger is that some of these places are full of fundamentalists who think any connection with African spirituality is the negative sort of witchcraft.  So they may have to let go of their denomination and dogma, for the daughter’s sake, and get to a more Universalist type of church.

Some African Methodist Episcopal churches are also less anti-African spirituality than others.  So if you’re really afraid of too much beyond egalitarian feminist or “I’m okay, you’re okay” new ageyness, try A.M.E.  You may also wish to see if there are any Gnostic churches or study groups in your area.

Be in an Eshu mind before you go church shopping, so that any nastiness lurking beneath the surface will make itself known to you.  When you’ve found the right place, he will give you a sign.  Perhaps someone in the church who is wearing red and black will be overtaken with holy joy and laughter, or an old man at the church will tap you with his cane.  Something will alert you that Eshu is there and wants you to stay.